Competitiveness and Macroeconomic Impacts of Reduced Wait Times at U.S. Land Freight Border Crossings

Publication Type: 
Misak Avetisyan
Nathaniel Heatwole
Adam Rose
Bryan Roberts
We analyze the macroeconomic and trade impacts of reducing wait times by adding one customs officer at each of the twelve major land freight crossings of the U.S. The change in wait time stemming from staffing changes is first estimated on the basis of primary data and then translated into changes in freight costs through a logistical model. The transportation cost changes are then fed into a multi-country computable general equilibrium model. We find that adding one customs officer at each land border crossing would, on average per crossing, generate an increase in U.S. GDP of $350 thousand and 3.58 additional jobs.